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The Challenge of NORM for the Oil and Gas Industry

ERM Workflow for NORM Related Projects within the Oil and Gas Industry An element of particular importance is the identification, the assessment and the quantification of risks to human health, which can involve the heat mapping of sites or activities, an options risk analysis or a bow-tie analysisNORM Management in the oil and gas industry - ScienceDirect,As the hazard of NORM in the oil and gas industry became internationally recognised, Saudi Aramco initiated a programme to identify the extent, form, and level of NORM contamination associatedTENORM: Oil and Gas Production Wastes | Radiation ,The geologic formations that contain oil and gas deposits also contain naturally-occurring radionuclides, which are referred to as Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM): Uranium and its decay products Thorium and decay products Radium and decay products Potassium-40 Lead-210/Polonium-210

Health Hazards Associated with Oil and Gas Extraction

Health Hazards Associated with Oil and Gas Extraction Activities Oil and gas well drilling and servicing activities involve the use and production of potentially hazardous materials OSHA, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), and industry and safety groups continue to evaluate the type and extent of chemical and other health hazards across the industryChemical Hazards in the Oil and Gas Industry | Code Red Safety,Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) in ,of oil-field NORM in the United States, briefly reviews the status of NORM regulations, and identifies some health and environ- mental issues associated with oil-field NORM Location of Oil-Field NORM in the United States Deposits of oil are found in 30 States, but the vast majority (86 percent) of onshore oil production is concentrated in Texas,

norm associated oil industry - chuckwagonbe

norm associated oil industry; Oil and Gas Wastes - Princeton University of oil and gas wastes In addition, naturally occur-ring radioactive material (NORM)such as radium may also be broughtto the surface with crude oil (see box A on page 77) The exploration, development, and production of oil and gas reserves vary markedly from region toTexas RRC - NORM (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material),Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials NORM - World ,

Naturally occurring radioactive material - Wikipedia

NORM in oil and gas exploration Radon decays to lead-210, then to bismuth-210, polonium-210 and stabilizes with lead-206 Radon decay elements occur as a shiny film on the inner surface of inlet lines, treating units, pumps and valves associated with propylene, ethane and propane processing systemsChemical Hazards in the Oil and Gas Industry | Code Red Safety,In the oil and gas industry, NORM may be present in the liquids and gases from some geological formations Scale from oil recovery brine, for example, may contain radium at much higher concentrations than the original water source Sludge and drilling fluids may also contain elevated levels of NORMnorm associated oil industry - chuckwagonbe,(NORM) (Hamlat et al, 1998) describes NORM levels and the associated occupational doses in the oil and gas industry 2 NORM in oil and gas industry production represents a considerable waste issue and disposal options are being

NORM Waste Management - evsanlgov

EVS has assessed the potential human health risks associated with petroleum industry NORM, estimated the economic impacts associated with different management options, and developed and/or disseminated tools that will streamline oil and gas companies’ efforts to manage NORMManaging Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM ,15 Accumulation of NOR in oil and gas production 13 16 NOR in oil and gas industry products 15 17 NOR oil and gas industry – liquid waste streams 16 18 NOR in oil and gas industry – solid waste streams 18 19 NOR in oil and gas industry – sludge and scrapings 19 110 Discharge to the environment 20 2 Health hazards of NORM 22NORM Implementation Plan - devonenergy,NORM Types of Concern in the Oil and Gas Industry There are many different types of radioactive materials found in nature The oil and gas industry is concerned with the following 4 particular types of NORM, which are the daughter products of Uranium-238 and Thorium-232: • Radium-226 • Radium-228

(PDF) NORM in Waste Derived From Oil and Gas Production

NORM in Waste Derived From Oil and Gas Production Conference Paper (PDF Available) · December 2015 with 1,363 Reads Conference: Middle East Waste Management Summit, AtNaturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) in oil ,Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) in oil and gas industry equipment and wastes Technical Report White, GJ The purpose of this report is to briefly issues relating to the contamination of oil and gas industry equipment and wastes with accumulations of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM)Guidelines for the management of Naturally Occurring ,These are not specific to the oil & gas industry and there are vari-ations in the methods of control adopted This document has been developed after research, review and thorough consideration of readily available NORM regulations and guidelines, to determine best practice for managing NORM in oil and gas producing facilities

Radiation - NORM

Naturally occurring radioactive material which is not processed for its radioactive, fertile or fissile properties (NORM) Some processes with a recognised potential to cause significant radiation exposure occur in the oil and gas industry where naturally occurring radium and its daughters, may build up over time as scale in pipes and vesselsIOGP - the global oil and gas industry trade association,The International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (IOGP) is the voice of the global upstream oil and gas industry Our Members operate around the globe, producing 40% of the world’s oil and gas Together, we identify and share knowledge and good practices to improve the industry in areas such as health, safety, the environment and efficiencyNORM-disposal options, costs vary | Oil & Gas Journal,Commercial Norm Disposal [89,131 bytes] Definitions [41,251 bytes] Petroleum producers have various options with different associated costs for disposing of oil field waste containing naturally

What economic indicators do oil and gas investors need to

Aggregate indicators of general economic performance can inform investors about expected shifts in the demand for oil and gas Gross domestic product is a measure of the total levels of spending and production in a given economy, and it is assumed that increasesR­10609 Page 1of 9 - New Mexico,(Regulated NORM) associated with the oil and gas industry Any person disposing of Regulated NORM, as defined at 19 NMAC 15A7, is subject to this rule and to the New Mexico Environmental Improvement Board regulations at 20 NMAC 31, Subpart 14 [7­1­96] B Nonretrieved Flowlines and PipelinesFinancial reporting in the oil and gas industry - PwC,Financial reporting in the oil and gas industry 3 Foreword International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) provide the basis for financial reporting to the capital markets in an increasing number of countries around the world Over 100 countries either use

NORM in the Oil/Gas Industry - Nuclear Safety and Security

Gas/Oil Formation –Geological Time Scale GeJo (TE)NORM hydrocarbon source rocks are sediments containing large amounts of organic matter (eg coal, organic rich shale) source rocks to have been buried to depths of at least 3 kilometers for a significant period of geological time (say up > 10 6 years) before gas/oil is formedIOGP Report 412 - Managing Naturally Occurring Radioactive ,This revised report provides guidance and general information on the management of process streams or equipment contaminated with minor concentrations of Naturally Occurring Radionuclides (NORs) Colloquially streams or installation parts contaminated with NORs are indicated as Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) Uncontrolled work activities involving NORM can lead to unwanted Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive ,This paper describes the Syrian experience with respect to naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) waste produced by the Syrian oil industry Three main categories of NORM waste were

Management of Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Waste

On May 4, 2016, the Environmental Integrity Project and others filed a lawsuit with the US District Court for the District of Columbia that alleged EPA had failed to perform its non-discretionary duty under Section 2002(b) to evaluate the federal Subtitle D solid waste regulatory requirements for the management of wastes associated with exploration, development and production wastes from crudeRadiation - NORM,Naturally occurring radioactive material which is not processed for its radioactive, fertile or fissile properties (NORM) Employers who work with materials that contain small but, from a radiation protection perspective, significant amounts of naturally occurring radioactive substances are required, under the Ionising Radiations Regulations 2017 (IRR17), to take action to restrict radiation List of abbreviations in oil and gas exploration and ,API – American Petroleum Institute: organization which sets unit standards in the oil and gas industry; APPRE – appraisal report; APS – active pipe support; APWD – annular pressure while drilling (tool) ARACL – array acoustic log; ARESV – analysis of reservoir; ARI – azimuthal resistivity image; ARRC – array acoustic report

Oil and Gas Industry Factsheet - Bureau of Labor Statistics

Nonfatal Injuries In 2011, the support activities for oil and gas operations industry, the component of oil and gas extraction industries with the most cases requiring days away from work, had a median days away from work of 24, which was 3 times higher than the median of 8 days for all industriesCorporate Social Responsibility in the Oil and Gas ,Today's oil and gas companies work within an ever-broader and more complex set of social institutions-norms and expectations that exist alongside market forces, but 2 The oil curse is sometimes also known as the "resource curse" See eg, Daniel Pipes, The Curse of Oil Wealth, ATLANTIC, July 1982, at 19-25Occupational Exposures in the Oil and Gas Extraction ,Another industry supporting oil and gas extraction is that of hauling, treatment, disposal extraction and production (E&P) waste and wastewater recycling This waste is commonly associated with flammable, explosive and/or poisonous vapors and gases


The American Petroleum Institute (API) is the only national trade association that represents all aspects of America’s oil and natural gas industry Our more than 600 corporate members, from the largest major oil company to the smallest of independents, come from all segments of the industryThe global oil and gas industry association for advancing ,The oil and gas industry must be a key part of the climate change solution Since the Paris Agreement was made in December 2015, IPIECA has continued to work on the topic of low-emissions pathwaysOil and Gas Technical Reports - conservationcagov,A Study of NORM Associated with Oil and Gas Production Operations in California NORM is the acronym for Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials The publication includes NORM study results, NORM sample analyses and survey results for Districts 1-6, and appendices with technical definitions

Potential Radiological Doses Associated with Disposal of

INDUSTRY NORM IN NONHAZARDOUS LANDFILLS prepared by Karen P Smith, Deborah L Blunt, Gustavious P Williams, John J Arnish, Manjula Pfingston, Jennifer Herbert, and Rebecca A Haffenden Argonne National Laboratory Environmental Assessment Division prepared for US Department of Energy National Petroleum Technology Office Tulsa, OklahomaRisk Management in the Oil and Gas Industry | MIT Energy ,May 17, 2011 · I thank you for inviting me here today to speak on risk management in the offshore oil and gas industry To provide some background, I have been practicing, teaching, and doing research in system safety engineering for over 30 years Although I am a professor of aerospace engineering, I have experience in almost all industries […],

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